Subject Definitions

As at November 2017


Any pictorial treatment of a subject, which contains the elements of good arrangement of composition and reflects the interpretation of the photographer.


A monochrome image from the very dark grey (black) to the very clear (white) is a monochrome work with the various shades of grey. A black and white work toned entirely in a single colour will remain a monochrome work. On the other hand a black or white work modified by partial toning or by the addition of one colour becomes a colour work (polychrome) and is ineligible in the monochrome category.


Landscape entries are images of natural land or coastal scenery where the sea does not dominate, which may include people, buildings or other objects, provided that these elements do not dominate the photograph.


A study of a person, ranging from head studies to full-length portraits, with or without accessories. Ideally a portrait should show some aspect of the character or personality of the subject. 


Nature entries include landscapes, geologic formations, weather phenomena, animals, birds, plants, fish, fungi and single celled organisms as the primary subject matter.

Photographs of cultivated plants, or animals, which are domesticated, caged or under some form of restraint, are ineligible. This includes images taken with the subjects in controlled conditions, such as zoos, game farms, botanical gardens aquariums and any enclosure where the subjects are totally dependent on man for food.

Human elements generally should not be present except where those human elements are an integral part of the nature story e.g. scientific tags, bands, or radio collars on wild animals are permissible.

Any manipulation or modification to the original image is limited to minor retouching of blemishes and must not alter the context of the original scene.

All changes must appear natural.


Photojournalism entries must be story-telling images such as seen in the news media and magazines.  They may include documentary, sport, contemporary life, illustrative, spot news, or human interest.  In the interest of credibility, contrived situations or photographic manipulations, which alter the truth, are not acceptable.  The story telling value of the photograph shall be weighed more that the pictorial quality.

Techniques that add to, relocate, replace or remove any element of the original image except cropping are not permitted.  Techniques that enhance the presentation of the image without changing the photojournalism content are permitted.  All adjustments must appear natural.

Macro/Close Up

Macro/Close up entries are images of subjects photographed at close range eg. One tenth to 10 times magnification.  Typically, the image of the object photographed would substantially fill the frame.

Creative/Altered Reality

Creative/experimental/altered reality images display a novel effect because of an unusual combination of objects and/or unusual viewpoint, created in the author’s imagination beyond what is seen through the camera’s lens. This includes set up scenes, zoomed photographs, double exposures, composites etc.. Photographs in which the images have been modified during or after exposure by using an experimental technique are also eligible. The image must always have a basic photographic basis. Digital manipulation processes may be employed, providing the original photograph and any other images or textures used were taken by the entrant.

Folio Showing Versatility

3 images that collectively demonstrate the versatility of the photographer as an image maker.  Typically the folio will showcase images of differing genres, i.e. Landscape, Photojournalism, Portrait.

Folio of a Theme

3 images that collectively demonstrate a common theme.  This may be either in subject matter or photographic genre.